Modern History of Great Magadh(Bihar)

After the battle of Buxar in 1764, the armies of Nawab of Bengal and Mughals lost to British and Bihar came under East India Company rule of British. During Britsih era, Patna, the capital of Bihar came to be emerged as one of the most important trading and commercial center after Calcutta.

During First War of Independence of 1857, Bihar's Veer Kunwar of Bhojpur district became a National Hero as he led many victories against armies of British. Bihar remain under Bengal Presidency and was controlled by Britsih. It regained its lost glory and Patna emerged as an important trading center. But during British era, an important incident happened that changed the course of Bihar's History. British started to export Bihar laborers to its ally countries to provide cheap labor. It started to migrate poor men to far off countries like West Indies and Mauritius where number of migrants from Bihar and East Uttar Pradesh increased. This started a trend of migration from Bihar to far off countries. After independence, this tendency continued and Bihar still exports finest cheap labor to different states of India.

Bihar was separated from Bengal Presidency in 1912. Patna became the capital of this new Presidency which included modern states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Orrisa. British built several educational institutes in Patna like Patna College, Patna Science College, Bihar College of Engineering, Prince of Wales Medical College and the Patna Veterinary College. People of Bihar took this opportunity very well and flourished under British Raj. After Orissa was made an independent state in 1935, Patna became the capital of Bihar.

Post Independence, 1947: India attained Independence from British in 1947 and Bihar's First Chief Minister was Shri Krishna Sinha. In 1960, one of the greatest Leaders of National level, Lalit Narayan Mishra was assassinated by a hand grenade for which Central Government of Congress was blamed. After 1960, Bihar came to be ruled by Congress Chief Ministers who were just puppet of Delhi based Congress party who ignored the welfare of Indian state of Bihar. This led to massive under development in Bihar when the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat and Tamil Nadu prospered. 

JP Movement in 1970's : Jai Prakash Narayan, one of the visionary Leaders from Bihar declared a non-cooperation movement against Indira Gandhi opposing her dictatorial rule in 1974. The emergency was declared in 1974 that lasted till 1977. Fresh elections were installed and Indira Gandhi lost the elections. This was the first time when Congress party lost in India and that also due to will power and strength of People of Bihar and Leadership of Jai Prakash Narayan.

Rise of Caste system in Bihar: Due to the defeat of Congress in 1979 due t People of Bihar made them to be extra careful of Bihar and it took measures against giving Power to People of Bihar. It sowed the seeds of caste system in Bihar from early 1980's which ruined Bihar . Bihar came to be ruled by some puppet Congress chief ministers in early 1980's. A feeling was developed in "so called lower castes" of Biharis that Power resides in upper castes. This gave advantage to Lalu Prasad Yadav who took this opportunity favorably and became the Chief Minister of Bihar in 1989 who dragged Bihar into a series of caste politics. People of Bihar forgot that they are brothers and sisters and belongs to common bloodline. The so called high-caste and so called low-caste people started a war against each other and many innocent men, women and children were assassinated in such wars. Even Human Right Commission of United Nations criticized Bihar Government for failing to provide security to innocent Women and Children. Such an environment caused large scale migration to different states of India. As the youth migrated, Bihar was left with only old men and women who still kept on voting on terms of their caste and religion which took Bihar to such a dark age that it went into the Medieval Period under Mughals. Lalu Yadav ruled in Bihar till 15 years using this caste system.

Change of Guard in 2005 and a Ray of Hope:  When everyone had written off that Bihar can never prosper, then came 2005 when Lalu Yadav lost to Nitish Kumar, an Idealist man who took the reins of Bihar in his hands and made large scale development. Such was his efforts, that the same United Nations who had criticized Bihar's caste riots praised Nitish Kumar and Nitish Kumar was declared India's finest Chief Minister in Forbes magazine. For more details on Nitish Kumar, Read: http://www.peopleofbihar.com/page/nitish-kumar

Nitish Kumar again won elections in 2010 and has thus provided a lot of stability in Bihar. Due to his efforts, a lot of migration has stopped and people are now safer in Bihar. He has given a ray of hope to the People of Bihar and has thus served India by improving one of the parts or rather heart of India, Great Magadh(Bihar).


With this Hope that Future for next generation of young souls of Magadh(Bihar) will be much brighter, I finish this article and I pray to God to give us Power and Wisdom to take Magadh back to the glory days of Ashoka The Great.

With Best Regards,

Aakash Arjuna.

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Comment by Maneesh Kumar Mishra on June 4, 2013 at 11:46am

well aaksh

Comment by Dr Tarkeshwar on May 20, 2013 at 1:34am

देश के प्रथम स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम के नायको मे एक शेर ऐसा भी था,जिसकी 80 साल की दहाड़ से भी अंग्रेज़ो के छकके छूट जाते थे !ये नायक थे बिहार के बाबू कुँवर सिंह ! वीर मराठा शिवाजी के बाद वह पहले ऐसे भारतीय योद्धा थे जो गुरिल्ला लड़ाई मे सिद्धहस्त थे! उनकी वीरता के चर्चे आज भी बिहार मे सुनाये जाते हैं, इनके चरित्र की सबसे बड़ी ख़ासियत यही थी कि इन्हें वीरता से परिपूर्ण कार्यों को करना ही रास आता था। इतिहास प्रसिद्ध 1857 की क्रांति में भी इन्होंने सम्मिलित होकर अपनी शौर्यता का प्रदर्शन किया। बिहार की दानापुर रेजिमेंट, बंगाल के बैरकपुर और रामगढ़ के सिपाहियों ने बगावत कर दी। मेरठ, कानपुर, लखनऊ, इलाहाबाद, झांसी और दिल्ली में भी आग भड़क उठी। ऐसे हालात में बाबू कुंवर सिंह ने भारतीय सैनिकों का नेतृत्व किया। बाबू कुंवर सिंह ने रीवा के ज़मींदारों को एकत्र किया और उन्हें अंग्रेज़ों से युद्ध के लिए तैयार किया। तात्या टोपे से भी इनका सम्पर्क था।

Comment by Dr Tarkeshwar on May 20, 2013 at 1:32am

एक बार कुँवर सिंह अपने दस्ते के साथ गंगा नदी पार कर रहे थे तभी डगलस के सैनिको ने उन्हे घेर लिया आर गोला बारी शुरू कर दी , एक गोली उनकी कलाई मे लगी , संक्रामण फैलाने के खतरे से उन्होने अपना पूरा हाथ ही काट कर गंगा को समर्पित कर दिया ! बाबू कुंवर सिंह रामगढ़ के बहादुर सिपाहियों के साथ बांदा, रीवां, आजमगढ़, बनारस, बलिया, गाजीपुर एवं गोरखपुर में विप्लव के नगाड़े बजाते रहे। ब्रिटिश इतिहासकार होम्स ने उनके बारे में लिखा है, 'उस बूढ़े राजपूत ने ब्रिटिश सत्ता के विरुद्ध अद्भुत वीरता और आन- बान के साथ लड़ाई लड़ी। यह गनीमत थी कि युद्ध के समय कुंवर सिंह की उम्र अस्सी के करीब थी। अगर वह जवान होते तो शायद अंग्रेजों को 1857 में ही भारत छोड़ना पड़ता।' ऐसे वीर योद्धा को श्रद्धांजलि व शत शत नमन !

Comment by Rajendra Mehta on August 13, 2012 at 4:26pm

Nitish Kumar again won elections in 2010 and has thus provided a lot of stability in Bihar. Due to his efforts, a lot of migration has stopped and people are now safer in Bihar. He has given a ray of hope to the People of Bihar and has thus served India by improving one of the parts or rather heart of India, Great Magadh(Bihar).

Comment by Saumya on July 15, 2012 at 1:10am

Veer Kunwar Singh, was born in 1777, Jagdispur, near Arrah.His ancestors belong to the dynasty of the great Raja Vikramaditya as well as Raja Bhoj of Malwa. He was the Zamindar of Jagdishpur, Bhojpur. 80 saal ki umra me bhi wo 1857 ki kranti me bahut bahudri se lade the. unki bahaduri pe 1 British officer ne yahan tak kaha tha ki agar 5 Kunwar Singh hote to humara jeet pana asambhav tha. unhone Dougles ki goli lagne pe apna 1 haath kaat k ganga me daal diya tha aur kaha ki ye mera aapko(gangaji ko) aakhri tohfa hai. unhone Danapur k sipahiyo ka netritv kiya aur march 1858 me Azamgarh ko apne kabje me bhi liya. unki antim ladai 23 April 1858, ko jagdishpur ke nikat hui jisme wo kaafi jakmi ho gaye the par angreejo ko bhi hara k bhaga diya tha. Usk agle din 24 April 1858  ko unki mrityu ho gayi.

Unpar prakash jha ne 1 movie bhi banayi thi. http://www.prakashjhaproductions.com/veerkunwarsingh.html

Comment by Saumya on July 15, 2012 at 12:34am

again you have proved yourself Aakash.congrates.

Comment by Aakash Arjuna on July 7, 2012 at 11:37pm

@ Will update these points. Thanks for the reminder.

Comment by Dilu Sinha on July 7, 2012 at 12:07am

 Akash

I feel some points are missed

1) mention of champaran satyagrah

2) mention of Dr Rajendra Prasad and great revolutionary Batukeshwar dutt.

3) Jp movement may be great but he called for students buycot of classes which led to collapse of instutions of Bihar.

Arvind

Comment by Sneha Gupta on July 4, 2012 at 8:22am

very useful information, vikas.

thanks a lot!

Comment by Dr Tarkeshwar on July 4, 2012 at 1:48am

very well mr Aakash. you have again provided us very important informations about Bihar. keep writing.

Comment by gopal jha on July 2, 2012 at 4:45pm

Well done Aakash jee, You have written the fact about Bihar very well. Now again there is the need for the development of the whole Bihar not only Magadh area. Nitish Kumar has done the job very well but it is not enough. Now time has come when we will have to make our intellectual capital our power so we have to work for that. It is not a good step to harm the education system by using reservation. Because of that private institutions are growing and we are loosing the quality of education. Bihar government ought to work on water management system especially in Koshi area. By this way we can turn our problem into our potential. We will have to encourage small scale industry and entrepreneur so that more job creations will be done in Bihar. In addition to it we will have to encourage the usage of solar energy and more plantation on the vacant area of land. So that we could save our energy for the future generation people.

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