kindly give ground based ideas to develop ourselves and people of Bihar and this way Bihar also...
any idea of business or anything which can give employment to some people of Bihar in their own native place will be welcomed..
or any body having any project related to development of tourism sector of Bihar..we will help them..
Thanking Dr. Tarkeswar for having being interested in my topic. I'll give a brief summary from my immature thinking for what can be done to slow down the trend of migration.
since low economic development in general and inequality in the development of the villages and the adjoining areas in particular are the most important reasons of high incidence of migration from this region, the solution for it lies in rapid economic development of the state. Massive efforts are required for the development of the region in general and its villages in particular. Provision of cultivable land and assured irrigation in the villages, development of multiple cropping and improvement in the agricultural productivity may reduce the incidence of migration especially the seasonal migration from this region. There is need to generate employment opportunities in the village. Development of small and cottage industries in the rural areas, promotion and protection of traditional artisan work and handicrafts will also create employment opportunities in the villages and thus reduce migration. Effective and extensive implementation of government measures for creating employment for rural poor like Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna (JGSY), Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) etc. will also reduce migration by creating additional employment opportunities for the prospective migrants. The NGOs, through promoting SHGs can also work in this direction.
Brother..I hv been here on this site from last 2 years. I hv read and wrote much abt all this things. so finally I got that if I want to develop my state then I hav to develop myself first. So that I can give employment to others also. so brother if you hav ne idea then share with us. we are equipped with much man power with different qualities. I am a Doctor, hving one frnd, an IIMB graduate, my friend and founder of this site Mr Aaksh who is also running a NGO and many more. so plz come with Ideas and we will work on that. and the foremost thing is your participation is also needed.
our senior member Mr Ranjan Jha is working as well having a small business also. So I want guidance of his also.
kindly share your views also...
Is there a scope for generating employment in rural areas by setting up a dairy/ poultry farm. Please advice.
Mr Rannkumar setting up of dairy and or poultry is a good idea.
but let me have some points for you.
If you are having a farm at small scale then it would not serve your wish of employment generation.as in the starting you will find even workers very hardly.people now dont want to involve themselves in domestic works,atleast in Bihar. As bihar is full of cattles so your dairy should be near any town as they could be only a gud consumer of your articles. For even a small diary you must have atleast 10 kattha land, 10-15 Cow/Buffalo of gud bread, fodder and some other articles. for land you need atlest 5 lakhs and Rs 10-12 lakhs for cattle.
after all these you need some purchaser or you need to sell all the milk by your own.
and if you want to have this on a large scale you need much more money. So if you are having that much then ok plus it takes time also.
Now about poultry. This could be more easy than Dairy. have you heard about EMU, no its not that local passenger train but a wingless big bird. Business of Emu's meat and egg is a new idea. although people are not much aware about this but at low capital you could start that and if it fails you would have very less loss. The egg is quite big and having more nutrient.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emu .
or setting up a chiken poultry is also good.with a less capital say Rs2 lakhs with a 5 kattha land and 2-4 workers you can start that.
but here we are talking about employment generation nd not only money.
Let me tell you one more Idea. PEPPERMENT oil or Mentha oil production. its not new for Bihar but it is very less popular in Bihar. With just investment of Rs 1lakh, you can get upto double in just 6 months. Farmers of Bundelkhand ie Jhanshi,Bhind ,Murena dist of UP are growing this. they have even left growing traditional plants.
This Mentha oil needs people for work in field and then at the time of oil production. so it is giving more employment and it is new for those who got borred of traditional farming.
I am putting an article from another site for your reading.
“Mentha arvensis is not exactly pudina, the variety of mint commonly used in kitchens,” S.P.S. Khanuja, Director, CIMAP, tells me. “It’s the feedstock for an essential oil that contains menthol, the substance that finds application in FMCG, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and other products.”
Since 1993, when CIMAP started its “Improved Technology for Menthol Mint Essential Oil Project”, India has become the largest producer of menthol mint oil in the world, overtaking China. With a production of about 17,000 tonnes, the country now commands a 78 per cent share of the annual global output of menthol mint oil.
Of the total estimated spice exports of Rs 4,435.50 crore in 2007-08, exports of mint products (mint oils and menthol) were worth Rs 1,280.50 crore, a share of almost 29 per cent. Over the last two-to-three years, farmers have generally been able to command a price of Rs 400 per kg or more for their menthol mint oil. This means they are able to earn Rs 30,000-40,000 per hectare as profit, says Khanuja. Incidentally, on June 2, 2008, the spot price of the oil at UP’s Chandausi mandi, as quoted on MCX, was Rs 510 per kg.
So, what’s doing the trick for India’s mint oil economy? The answer lies in the four varieties of mentha arvensis (Himalaya, Kosi, Saksham, and Kushal) developed by CIMAP. These varieties have improved traits and higher content of menthol. It’s for this reason that farmers in Barabanki have found in menthol mint a crop that’s ideal for plugging the gap between the rabi crop (wheat or potatoes) and kharif crop (rice). Almost 70 per cent of the total arable land in the district is being used to cultivate the “bonus” cash crop in addition to the traditional food crops. Barabanki lies in the Terai region that is ideal for mint cultivation and it accounts for 80 per cent of the crop in India.
At Muzzarfar Mau village, we (BT photographer Shekhar Kumar Ghosh and I) learn how the mint economy has established itself in the farms and marketplaces of the district. Rakesh Kumar, a 31-yearold farmer, shows us his two-hectare farm, half of which he uses to grow the Kosi variety of mint that has a crop cycle of 90-95 days. He transplanted the “suckers” (the mentha roots that he sources once every two years from CIMAP) in March and will harvest the crop by the second week of June. As harvesting progresses, he will start putting his crop into the steam distillation unit that he has sourced from CIMAP and installed in his farm to produce the oil. Depending on a number of factors, including cultivar used, time of planting and harvesting, and climate, 20-40 tonnes of herbage will produce 125-200 kg per hectare of essential oil..
The marketing of mint oil isn’t a problem; Kumar can either sell it to traders and commission agents, who visit the farms looking for the commodity, or take it to the nearby mandi at Masauli. The buyers will test his oil and pay him according to the percentage content of menthol.
Last year, Kumar produced about 60 kg of oil and got a price of Rs 490 per kg. His turnover was, thus, Rs 29,400. His costs— including procuring suckers, irrigation, disease control, fertilisers, payments to farm hands, etc.—did not exceed 50 per cent of his turnover, thus ensuring a neat profit..
Ram Lakhan (35) and Rajendra Prasad (35), also farmers and Kumar’s neighbours, say they both are growing mint for 9-10 years and earning good profits. Khanuja points out that the price discovery for mint oil has improved since his institute began working with commodity exchanges like MCX and NCDEX to develop a system of fixing prices according to the content of menthol.
Elsewhere in Barabanki, we meet more mint farmers. Beni Prasad (70) and his son Ram Chander at Dalyan Pur village and Shri Kishan (48) and his son Rajkumar in Kinwadi say they have been growing mentha along with two food crops for several years..
“Mentha requires good irrigation, which we have in Barabanki. Extracting the oil is also easy. If we don’t have our own distillation unit, we rent it from a neighbouring farmer. Selling the oil is also easy,” says Ram Chander.
Uttar Pradesh, the leader in mint cultivation (farmers in Bihar are now aggressively bringing larger areas under mint cultivation), is also facing its share of problems, notably a mandi tax of 2.5 per cent imposed by the state government on mint oil.
Farmers and traders have been up in arms against the move. “The mandi tax will put UP out of business. Bihar will gain at the cost of UP,” says Kapoor Babu Gupta of Gupta Suppliers, a large buyer of mint oil.
Having met the farmers who’ve benefitted from mint farming, one hopes the state government will pay heed to their problems.
अच्छा लगता है जब कोई विकास के बारे में सोचता है.. फिलहाल डॉ. तारकेश्वर के भी विचार पढ़े और चौरसिया सर के भी.... मैं अपने ग्रामीण क्षेत्र से काफी दूर हूँ और अपना खुद का Industrial Automation का firm चलाता हूँ.. मैंने Innovative Raghu's नाम से भी अपने गांव में एक प्रयास सुरु किया है... लेकिन समस्या ये है की मैं लघु स्तर पे कुछ उत्पादन करू भी तो क्या..? और अगर किया भी तो उसे खरीद कर ले कौन जायेगा.. दूसरी समस्या उत्पादन क्या करें जिससे उस समाज की मर्यादा और संस्कृति को भी ठेस न पहुंचे.. क्योंकि अपने यहाँ व्यक्ति विशेष से ज्यादा उसकी " जाती" ज्यादा महत्वपूर्ण है.... "गाय पाल सकते हैं लेकिन मुर्गी पालन एक समस्या है, वो एक अलग वर्ग के लोग ही पालें तो ही अच्छा है.." जब इस तरह की सोच हो तो लोग अपना काम शुरू करने से बहतर, एक अदद सरकारी नौकरी कर के अच्छा दहेज़ लेना ज्यादा बहतर समझते हैं.. इसलिए डॉ. राजेंद्र प्रशाद बहुत अच्छा कह गए की जब तक बिहार के लोग ये कहना नहीं छोड़ेंगे " लोगवा की कहियें " तब तक बिहार तरक्की नहीं कर सकता.. दूसरों की जी हुजूरी करेंगे लेकिन अपना स्व-रोजगार शुरू नहीं करेंगे..
मैंने मिन्थोल की खेती के बारे में भी पढ़ा था और बायोलॉजिकल मेथड से बनाने वाले पेट्रोल के बारे में भी.. लेकिन दोनों को अच्छा मार्केट न मिलने के कारण बंद हो गए....
अगर आप लोगों को लगता है कि हम जैसे private firm खुद का initiative लेकर अपने समाज और बिहार के विकास में कुछ कर सकते हैं तो जरुर बताइये... फिलहाल मुझे कुछ ऐसा बताइये जिससे मैं Rs 100/माह में अपने गाँव को क्या दे सकता हूँ.. वैसे हम दस लोग Rs 100/माह देते हैं.. बस ये एक सुरुआत है पानी के घरे को बूंद-बूंद से भरने के लिए..
Mr Jyoti ji...Although I am a Doctor ,working in ESI hospital in delhi and prep for Civil service(as all Bihari's do.. ha ha), but still want to work independently and dont want to work under ne body. I am very happy that you are working for your village. Kindly say more about your work. and we can discuss everything here.
In which part of Bihar you are working?
My one friend is having a business in Bihar. he is dealing with agricultural equipments and my one friend is presently working with MNC with a huge salary but still want to setup a business that can give employment to others. so we are many and just need to come together.
COUNT ME IN!!!